GENERAL ORDERS.—NO. 11.
HEAD-QUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH, HILTON HEAD, S. C. May
The three States of Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina, comprising
the Military Department of the South, having deliberately declared
themselves no longer under the protection of the United States of
America, and having taken up arms against the said United States,
it becomes a military necessity to declare them under martial law.
This was accordingly done on the 25th day of April, 1862. Slavery
and martial law in a free country are altogether incompatible. The
persons in these three States—Georgia, South Carolina, and
Florida—heretofore held as slaves, are therefore declared
DAVID HUNTER, Major-General Commanding. ED. W. SMITH, Acting Assistant